Require Or Disallow Space Before Blocks (space-before-blocks)

The --fix option on the command line automatically fixes problems reported by this rule.

Consistency is an important part of any style guide. While it is a personal preference where to put the opening brace of blocks, it should be consistent across a whole project. Having an inconsistent style distracts the reader from seeing the important parts of the code.

Rule Details

This rule will enforce consistency of spacing before blocks. It is only applied on blocks that don’t begin on a new line.

Options

This rule takes one argument. If it is "always" then blocks must always have at least one preceding space. If "never" then all blocks should never have any preceding space. If different spacing is desired for function blocks, keyword blocks and classes, an optional configuration object can be passed as the rule argument to configure the cases separately.

( e.g. { "functions": "never", "keywords": "always", classes: "always" } )

The default is "always".

“always”

The following patterns are considered problems:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: "error"*/

if (a){
    b();
}

function a(){}

for (;;){
    b();
}

try {} catch(a){}

class Foo{
  constructor(){}
}

The following patterns are not considered problems:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: "error"*/

if (a) {
    b();
}

if (a) {
    b();
} else{ /*no error. this is checked by `keyword-spacing` rule.*/
    c();
}


function a() {}

for (;;) {
    b();
}

try {} catch(a) {}

“never”

The following patterns are considered problems:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: ["error", "never"]*/

if (a) {
    b();
}

function a() {}

for (;;) {
    b();
}

try {} catch(a) {}

The following patterns are not considered problems:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: ["error", "never"]*/

if (a){
    b();
}

function a(){}

for (;;){
    b();
}

try{} catch(a){}

class Foo{
  constructor(){}
}

The following patterns are considered problems when configured { "functions": "never", "keywords": "always", classes: "never" }:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: ["error", { "functions": "never", "keywords": "always", classes: "never" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function a() {}

try {} catch(a){}

class Foo{
  constructor() {}
}

The following patterns are not considered problems when configured { "functions": "never", "keywords": "always", classes: "never" }:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: ["error", { "functions": "never", "keywords": "always", classes: "never" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

for (;;) {
  // ...
}

describe(function(){
  // ...
});

class Foo {
  constructor(){}
}

The following patterns are considered problems when configured { "functions": "always", "keywords": "never", classes: "never" }:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: ["error", { "functions": "always", "keywords": "never", classes: "never" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function a(){}

try {} catch(a) {}

class Foo {
  constructor(){}
}

The following patterns are not considered problems when configured { "functions": "always", "keywords": "never", classes: "never" }:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: ["error", { "functions": "always", "keywords": "never", classes: "never" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

if (a){
  b();
}

var a = function() {}

class Foo{
  constructor() {}
}

The following patterns are considered problems when configured { "functions": "never", "keywords": "never", classes: "always" }:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: ["error", { "functions": "never", "keywords": "never", classes: "always" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

class Foo{
  constructor(){}
}

The following patterns are not considered problems when configured { "functions": "never", "keywords": "never", classes: "always" }:

/*eslint space-before-blocks: ["error", { "functions": "never", "keywords": "never", classes: "always" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

class Foo {
  constructor(){}
}

When Not To Use It

You can turn this rule off if you are not concerned with the consistency of spacing before blocks or if you are using the space-after-keywords rule set to "never".

Version

This rule was introduced in ESLint 0.9.0.

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