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Ignoring Code

You can configure ESLint to ignore certain files and directories while linting by specifying one or more glob patterns. You can ignore files in the following ways:

  • Add ignorePatterns to a configuration file.
  • Create a dedicated file that contains the ignore patterns (.eslintignore by default).

ignorePatterns in Config Files

You can tell ESLint to ignore specific files and directories using ignorePatterns in your config files. ignorePatterns patterns follow the same rules as .eslintignore. Please see the .eslintignore file documentation to learn more.

{
"ignorePatterns": ["temp.js", "**/vendor/*.js"],
"rules": {
//...
}
}
  • Glob patterns in ignorePatterns are relative to the directory that the config file is placed in.
  • You cannot write ignorePatterns property under overrides property.
  • Patterns defined in .eslintignore take precedence over the ignorePatterns property of config files.

If a glob pattern starts with /, the pattern is relative to the base directory of the config file. For example, /foo.js in lib/.eslintrc.json matches to lib/foo.js but not lib/subdir/foo.js.

If a config is provided via the --config CLI option, the ignore patterns that start with / in the config are relative to the current working directory rather than the base directory of the given config. For example, if --config configs/.eslintrc.json is present, the ignore patterns in the config are relative to . rather than ./configs.

The .eslintignore File

You can tell ESLint to ignore specific files and directories by creating a .eslintignore file in your project’s root directory. The .eslintignore file is a plain text file where each line is a glob pattern indicating which paths should be omitted from linting. For example, the following omits all JavaScript files:

**/*.js

When ESLint is run, it looks in the current working directory to find a .eslintignore file before determining which files to lint. If this file is found, then those preferences are applied when traversing directories. Only one .eslintignore file can be used at a time, so .eslintignore files other than the one in the current working directory are not used.

Globs are matched using node-ignore, so a number of features are available:

  • Lines beginning with # are treated as comments and do not affect the ignore patterns.
  • Paths are relative to the current working directory. This is also true of paths passed in via the --ignore-pattern command.
  • Lines preceded by ! are negated patterns that re-include a pattern that was ignored by an earlier pattern.
  • Ignore patterns behave according to the .gitignore specification.

Of particular note is that like .gitignore files, all paths used as patterns for both .eslintignore and --ignore-pattern must use forward slashes as their path separators.

# Valid
/root/src/*.js

# Invalid
\root\src\*.js

Please see .gitignore’s specification for further examples of valid syntax.

In addition to any patterns in the .eslintignore file, ESLint always follows a couple of implicit ignore rules even if the --no-ignore flag is passed. The implicit rules are as follows:

  • node_modules/ is ignored.
  • dot-files (except for .eslintrc.*) as well as dot-folders and their contents are ignored.

There are also some exceptions to these rules:

  • If the path to lint is a glob pattern or directory path and contains a dot-folder, all dot-files and dot-folders are linted. This includes dot-files and dot-folders that are buried deeper in the directory structure.

    For example, eslint .config/ would lint all dot-folders and dot-files in the .config directory, including immediate children as well as children that are deeper in the directory structure.

  • If the path to lint is a specific file path and the --no-ignore flag has been passed, ESLint would lint the file regardless of the implicit ignore rules.

    For example, eslint .config/my-config-file.js --no-ignore would cause my-config-file.js to be linted. It should be noted that the same command without the --no-ignore line would not lint the my-config-file.js file.

  • Allowlist and denylist rules specified via --ignore-pattern or .eslintignore are prioritized above implicit ignore rules.

    For example, in this scenario, .build/test.js is the desired file to allowlist. Because all dot-folders and their children are ignored by default, .build must first be allowlisted so that eslint becomes aware of its children. Then, .build/test.js must be explicitly allowlisted, while the rest of the content is denylisted. This is done with the following .eslintignore file:

    # Allowlist 'test.js' in the '.build' folder
    # But do not allow anything else in the '.build' folder to be linted
    !.build
    .build/*
    !.build/test.js

    The following --ignore-pattern is also equivalent:

    eslint --ignore-pattern '!.build' --ignore-pattern '.build/*' --ignore-pattern '!.build/test.js' parent-folder/

Using an Alternate File

If you’d prefer to use a different file than the .eslintignore in the current working directory, you can specify it on the command line using the --ignore-path option. For example, you can use .jshintignore file because it has the same format:

eslint --ignore-path .jshintignore file.js

You can also use your .gitignore file:

eslint --ignore-path .gitignore file.js

Any file that follows the standard ignore file format can be used. Keep in mind that specifying --ignore-path means that the existing .eslintignore file is not used. Note that globbing rules in .eslintignore follow those of .gitignore.

Using eslintIgnore in package.json

If an .eslintignore file is not found and an alternate file is not specified, ESLint looks in package.json for the eslintIgnore key to check for files to ignore.

{
"name": "mypackage",
"version": "0.0.1",
"eslintConfig": {
"env": {
"browser": true,
"node": true
}
},
"eslintIgnore": ["hello.js", "world.js"]
}

Ignored File Warnings

When you pass directories to ESLint, files and directories are silently ignored. If you pass a specific file to ESLint, then ESLint creates a warning that the file was skipped. For example, suppose you have an .eslintignore file that looks like this:

foo.js

And then you run:

eslint foo.js

You’ll see this warning:

foo.js
0:0 warning File ignored because of a matching ignore pattern. Use "--no-ignore" to override.

✖ 1 problem (0 errors, 1 warning)

This message occurs because ESLint is unsure if you wanted to actually lint the file or not. As the message indicates, you can use --no-ignore to omit using the ignore rules.

Consider another scenario where you want to run ESLint on a specific dot-file or dot-folder, but have forgotten to specifically allow those files in your .eslintignore file. You would run something like this:

eslint .config/foo.js

You would see this warning:

.config/foo.js
0:0 warning File ignored by default. Use a negated ignore pattern (like "--ignore-pattern '!'") to override

✖ 1 problem (0 errors, 1 warning)

This message occurs because, normally, this file would be ignored by ESLint’s implicit ignore rules (as mentioned above). A negated ignore rule in your .eslintignore file would override the implicit rule and reinclude this file for linting. Additionally, in this case, --no-ignore could be used to lint the file as well.