Require spread operators instead of .apply()

Before ES2015, one must use Function.prototype.apply() to call variadic functions.

var args = [1, 2, 3, 4];
Math.max.apply(Math, args);

In ES2015, one can use spread syntax to call variadic functions.

/*eslint-env es6*/

var args = [1, 2, 3, 4];

Rule Details

This rule is aimed to flag usage of Function.prototype.apply() in situations where spread syntax could be used instead.


Examples of incorrect code for this rule:

Open in Playground
/*eslint prefer-spread: "error"*/

foo.apply(undefined, args);
foo.apply(null, args);, args);

Examples of correct code for this rule:

Open in Playground
/*eslint prefer-spread: "error"*/

// Using spread syntax

// The `this` binding is different.
foo.apply(obj, args);, args);, args);

// The argument list is not variadic.
// Those are warned by the `no-useless-call` rule.
foo.apply(undefined, [1, 2, 3]);
foo.apply(null, [1, 2, 3]);, [1, 2, 3]);

Known limitations:

This rule analyzes code statically to check whether or not the this argument is changed. So, if the this argument is computed in a dynamic expression, this rule cannot detect a violation.

/*eslint prefer-spread: "error"*/

// This warns.
a[i++].foo.apply(a[i++], args);

// This does not warn.
a[++i].foo.apply(a[i], args);

When Not To Use It

This rule should not be used in ES3/5 environments.

In ES2015 (ES6) or later, if you don’t want to be notified about Function.prototype.apply() callings, you can safely disable this rule.


This rule was introduced in ESLint v1.0.0-rc-1.


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