Enforce that class methods utilize this (class-methods-use-this)

If a class method does not use this, it can sometimes be made into a static function. If you do convert the method into a static function, instances of the class that call that particular method have to be converted to a static call as well (MyClass.callStaticMethod())

It's possible to have a class method which doesn't use this, such as:

class A {
    constructor() {
        this.a = "hi";
    }

    print() {
        console.log(this.a);
    }

    sayHi() {
        console.log("hi");
    }
}

let a = new A();
a.sayHi(); // => "hi"

In the example above, the sayHi method doesn't use this, so we can make it a static method:

class A {
    constructor() {
        this.a = "hi";
    }

    print() {
        console.log(this.a);
    }

    static sayHi() {
        console.log("hi");
    }
}

A.sayHi(); // => "hi"

Also note in the above examples that if you switch a method to a static method, instances of the class that call the static method (let a = new A(); a.sayHi();) have to be updated to being a static call (A.sayHi();) instead of having the instance of the class call the method

Rule Details

This rule is aimed to flag class methods that do not use this.

Examples of incorrect code for this rule:

/*eslint class-methods-use-this: "error"*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

class A {
    foo() {
        console.log("Hello World");     /*error Expected 'this' to be used by class method 'foo'.*/
    }
}

Examples of correct code for this rule:

/*eslint class-methods-use-this: "error"*/
/*eslint-env es6*/
class A {
    foo() {
        this.bar = "Hello World"; // OK, this is used
    }
}

class A {
    constructor() {
        // OK. constructor is exempt
    }
}

class A {
    static foo() {
        // OK. static methods aren't expected to use this.
    }
}

Options

Exceptions

"class-methods-use-this": [<enabled>, { "exceptMethods": [<...exceptions>] }]

The exceptMethods option allows you to pass an array of method names for which you would like to ignore warnings. For example, you might have a spec from an external library that requires you to overwrite a method as a regular function (and not as a static method) and does not use this inside the function body. In this case, you can add that method to ignore in the warnings.

Examples of incorrect code for this rule when used without exceptMethods:

/*eslint class-methods-use-this: "error"*/

class A {
    foo() {
    }
}

Examples of correct code for this rule when used with exceptMethods:

/*eslint class-methods-use-this: ["error", { "exceptMethods": ["foo"] }] */

class A {
    foo() {
    }
}

Further Reading

Version

This rule was introduced in ESLint 3.4.0.

Resources