Disallow or enforce spaces inside of parentheses (space-in-parens)

The --fix option on the command line can automatically fix some of the problems reported by this rule.

Some style guides require or disallow spaces inside of parentheses:

foo( 'bar' );
var x = ( 1 + 2 ) * 3;

foo('bar');
var x = (1 + 2) * 3;

Rule Details

This rule will enforce consistent spacing directly inside of parentheses, by disallowing or requiring one or more spaces to the right of ( and to the left of ).

As long as you do not explicitly disallow empty parentheses using the "empty" exception , () will be allowed.

Options

There are two options for this rule:

Depending on your coding conventions, you can choose either option by specifying it in your configuration:

"space-in-parens": ["error", "always"]

"never"

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the default "never" option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never"]*/

foo( 'bar');
foo('bar' );
foo( 'bar' );

var foo = ( 1 + 2 ) * 3;
( function () { return 'bar'; }() );

Examples of correct code for this rule with the default "never" option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never"]*/

foo();

foo('bar');

var foo = (1 + 2) * 3;
(function () { return 'bar'; }());

"always"

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "always" option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always"]*/

foo( 'bar');
foo('bar' );
foo('bar');

var foo = (1 + 2) * 3;
(function () { return 'bar'; }());

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "always" option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always"]*/

foo();

foo( 'bar' );

var foo = ( 1 + 2 ) * 3;
( function () { return 'bar'; }() );

Exceptions

An object literal may be used as a third array item to specify exceptions, with the key "exceptions" and an array as the value. These exceptions work in the context of the first option. That is, if "always" is set to enforce spacing, then any "exception" will disallow spacing. Conversely, if "never" is set to disallow spacing, then any "exception" will enforce spacing.

Note that this rule only enforces spacing within parentheses; it does not check spacing within curly or square brackets, but will enforce or disallow spacing of those brackets if and only if they are adjacent to an opening or closing parenthesis.

The following exceptions are available: ["{}", "[]", "()", "empty"].

Empty Exception

Empty parens exception and behavior:

Examples

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "never", { "exceptions": ["{}"] } option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never", { "exceptions": ["{}"] }]*/

foo({bar: 'baz'});
foo(1, {bar: 'baz'});

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "never", { "exceptions": ["{}"] } option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never", { "exceptions": ["{}"] }]*/

foo( {bar: 'baz'} );
foo(1, {bar: 'baz'} );

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["{}"] } option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["{}"] }]*/

foo( {bar: 'baz'} );
foo( 1, {bar: 'baz'} );

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["{}"] } option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["{}"] }]*/

foo({bar: 'baz'});
foo( 1, {bar: 'baz'});

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "never", { "exceptions": ["[]"] } option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never", { "exceptions": ["[]"] }]*/

foo([bar, baz]);
foo([bar, baz], 1);

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "never", { "exceptions": ["[]"] } option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never", { "exceptions": ["[]"] }]*/

foo( [bar, baz] );
foo( [bar, baz], 1);

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["[]"] } option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["[]"] }]*/

foo( [bar, baz] );
foo( [bar, baz], 1 );

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["[]"] } option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["[]"] }]*/

foo([bar, baz]);
foo([bar, baz], 1 );

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "never", { "exceptions": ["()"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never", { "exceptions": ["()"] }]*/

foo((1 + 2));
foo((1 + 2), 1);
foo(bar());

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "never", { "exceptions": ["()"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never", { "exceptions": ["()"] }]*/

foo( (1 + 2) );
foo( (1 + 2), 1);
foo(bar() );

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["()"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["()"] }]*/

foo( ( 1 + 2 ) );
foo( ( 1 + 2 ), 1 );

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["()"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["()"] }]*/

foo(( 1 + 2 ));
foo(( 1 + 2 ), 1 );

The "empty" exception concerns empty parentheses, and works the same way as the other exceptions, inverting the first option.

Example of incorrect code for this rule with the "never", { "exceptions": ["empty"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never", { "exceptions": ["empty"] }]*/

foo();

Example of correct code for this rule with the "never", { "exceptions": ["empty"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "never", { "exceptions": ["empty"] }]*/

foo( );

Example of incorrect code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["empty"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["empty"] }]*/

foo( );

Example of correct code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["empty"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["empty"] }]*/

foo();

You can include multiple entries in the "exceptions" array.

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["{}", "[]"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["{}", "[]"] }]*/

bar( {bar:'baz'} );
baz( 1, [1,2] );
foo( {bar: 'baz'}, [1, 2] );

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "always", { "exceptions": ["{}", "[]"] }] option:

/*eslint space-in-parens: ["error", "always", { "exceptions": ["{}", "[]"] }]*/

bar({bar:'baz'});
baz( 1, [1,2]);
foo({bar: 'baz'}, [1, 2]);

When Not To Use It

You can turn this rule off if you are not concerned with the consistency of spacing between parentheses.

Related Rules

Version

This rule was introduced in ESLint 0.8.0.

Resources